The Paleo diet is a low sugar, low sodium and high protein diet that aims to provide optimum health by following the diet of our ancestors who lived in the Paleolithic era. While the diet's main priority is health, it is also a great weight loss diet. Those who developed this diet believed that the cave men that lived in the Stone Age or Paleolithic era have the healthiest diet that is best suited to mankind.
They are believed to have the diet that is best suited to us because our genes have only changed by a mere 0.01% yet our diet and lifestyle has changed by innumerable percentages. So it is best that we go back to the diet of the cave men when everything came fresh and were still free of chemicals. They freshly picked their food or hunted animals and ate it for what it was. No preservatives, no artificial flavorings nor additives.
During the Paleolithic era, there was not the need for instant foods or foods with a longer shelf life. It has only been recently that we wanted and needed fast and convenient preparations to make life easier, so preservatives and additives were created. Because these are chemical concoctions that humans made, they are no longer natural and good for us. Even if they are natural, we consume it in thats that have become harmful to our health.
These are the reasons why the Paleo diet has been developed. To spare us from substances that are not healthy and to provide us with foods that contain what our bodies need. The cave men lived healthy lives even without the convenient and fast foods that we now have, this is why the Paleo diet imitates their own diet. With their intake of food, they were able to perform daily tasks that require much energy and labor. They had to walk to miles to hunt and literally pick their own food and they were able to do it because of their diet.
The Paleo diet is a high protein diet to provide one with enough energy to perform labor intensive tasks. It also includes lots of fruits and vegetables to provide the body with vitamins and nutrients. These two food groups are absolutely healthy and consumption of it has no limits. The more you eat is even the better. There will not be a need to take extra vitamin supplements because the diet will provide the body with enough vitamins.
It is a low sodium and low sugar diet because excess amounts of salt and sugar in the body is not healthy. The cave men have a low sodium and low sugar diet because in those days, they did not have refined sugar or artificial sweeteners and because they did not cook the way we do now, there was no need for excessive amounts of salt to flavor their dishes .
The Paleo diet is about going back to the basics by eating fresh fruits, vegetables and meat and resisting processed, canned, boxed, dairy and other foods that were not yet available during the Paleolithic era.